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04 September 2013

Transistor Relay Driver Circuit

This is a design circuit for transistor relay driver circuit. This circuit is based on BC 548 transistor. This is the figure of the circuit schematic;

Below is the circuit of a relay driver using the NPN transistor BC 548. The relay is connected between the positive rail and the collector of the transistor. When the input signal passes through the I K resistor to the base of the transistor, it conducts and pulls the relay. By adding a 470 uF electrolytic capacitor at the base of the relay driver transistor, a short lag can be induced so that the transistor switches on only if the input signal is persisting. Again, even if the input signal ceases, the transistor remains conducting till the capacitor discharges completely. This avoids relay clicking and the offers clean switching of the relay.

Soldering Iron Voltage Inverter Circuit

Here’s a design circuit for a simple 12 V inverter for using a small soldering iron (25W, 35W, etc) in the absence of mains supply. It uses eight transistors and a few resistors and capacitors. Transistors T1 and T2 (each BC547) form an astable multi vibrator that produces 50Hz signal. The complementary outputs from the collectors of transistors T1 and T2 are fed to pnp Darlington driver stages formed by transistor pairs T3-T5 and T4-T6 (utilizing BC558 and BD140). The outputs from the drivers are fed to transistors T7 and T8 (each 2N3055) connected for push-pull operation. This is the figure of the circuit;

A 230V AC primary to 12V-0-12V, 4.5A secondary transformer (X1) is used. The centre-tapped terminal of the secondary of the transformer is connected to the battery (12V, 7Ah), while the other two terminals of the secondary are connected to the collectors of power transistors T7 and T8, respectively. When you power the circuit using switch S1, transformer X1 produces 230V AC at its primary terminal. This voltage can be used to heat your soldering iron. Assemble the circuit on a general purpose PCB and house in a suitable cabinet. Connect the battery and transformer with suitable current-carrying wires. On the front panel of the box, fit power switch S1 and a 3-pin socket for connecting the soldering iron.